First 7 days of chick’s Life – Early Chick Mortality
First seven days of chick’s life is most crucial time which determines overall performance of flock.
It has been determined repeatedly that total mortality in flock is directly proportional to mortality of chicks in first week of life.
First week mortality also reduces uniformity in a flock
Overall profits and losses are usually apparently determined in first week of life.
Further it is said body weight at seventh day of is highly correlated with weight at 35th day of age. Extra 5 gram of weight at 7th day of age will be translated to 35 gram at 35th day of age without negatively affecting FCR
In many cases first week mortality remained very high and farmers consider it normal because they do not know how to prevent it.
Ideal condition of mortality is less than 1% in first week of life
To understand this we have to understand some factors which are responsible for this.
Chick’s physiology is important subject in poultry farming
Inside egg chick utilize yolk as food material and albumen for protein and water requirements.
During its development chick cannot able to utilize full amount of yolk and some amount of yolk enter inside chick’s body at the time of hatching
This yolk has evolutionary significance and it help in chick survival in first 48 hours of life but at the same time this yolk is very good medium of bacterial growth and early days infection which will be responsible for early chick mortality.
How this yolk is get infected is matter of concern and study so that farmer could understand it and reduce losses in early life of chick.
Eggs and chicks could be contaminated in hatchery or could carry infection from breeders. In this condition farmers do not have much to say. This is not under farmer’s control but even in this condition if farmer reduces transportation stress and provide optimum brooding environment then losses could be reduced.
Either chicks are healthy or infected dehydration during transportation is very important factor for chick’s health. Transportation stress should be reduced at any cost to give chicks a good start.
Usually farmers do not provide feed at the arrival of chicks and even hold up feed for 1 day, farmers thinks that by doing this yolk utilization is decreased and yolk sac disease could occur, this notion is wrong and yolk dissolution in chick is independent of feed given. Contrary to this if we do not provide feed at the arrival of chicks their yolk utilization reduces and also weight at 7th day of age affected negatively.
Second factor farmers gives jaggery water to chicks in which they also included unnecessary large amount of salt and sodium bicarbonate. Thirsty chick’s drinks large amount of jaggery water which provide little help to chicks but this jaggery becomes very excellent medium for growth of harmful bacteria in intestine. These overgrowing bacteria enters inside yolk as yolk is connected with intestine in early life through Meckel’s diverticulum. So jaggery water is usually responsible for yolk sac infection.
Another source of yolk sac infection is unhealed navel, it is point through which yolk sac enter inside chick’s body at the time of hatching. If navel do not heal properly then minor injury to navel become point of entry for bacteria into the yolk. It will cause yolk sac infection.
So these are few factors which are responsible for more than 80% of the early chick mortality.
If we can provide optimum brooding conditions, reduces stress and manage infection then this mortality could be reduced to well below 1% and even zero.
Keeping all factors in mind Macvet Herbal Pharma design BROODEX an ultimate solution for chick’s brooding which correct dehydration in chicks, significantly reduces stress and vitalize internal organs to bring chicks in normal physiological conditions.
Broodex contains glucose as an energy sources which readily absorb in intestine and re-energize chick’s body
Broodex contains essential electrolytes and blood buffers which correct dehydration and restore normal body activity
Broodex contains essential B vitamins which helps in utilization of feed easily and efficiently
Broodex contains fat mobilizing molecules like carnitine and choline which increases yolk dissolution
Broodex contains vitamin c and other antioxidants that helps in reducing stress and reduces chances of infection
Broodex contains probiotics which helps in early colonization of good bacteria in chick’s relatively sterile intestine
Broodex is ultimate solution for brooding which reduces early chick mortality significantly
Use Broodex at the rate of 2-3 gram per liter of water for first 72 hours of life. In optimum brooding conditions of 32 degree Celsius temperature approximately 70-100 gram of Broodex will be needed for 1000 chicks in a day.
It is very cost effective and returns are many times higher.
If you face mortality due to infection then use CVMac 20 gram per 1000 chicks once in a day
First 7 days of chick’s Life – Early Chick Mortality (Sponsored article from Macvet Herbal Pharma)
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